Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. In his address before the 4th session of the 76th U. Major General Wesley Merritt, the commander of U. When Merritt left for Paris, France to brief the U.
Beginning in the early 20th century, scholars from the United States in various disciplines began writing their own interpretations of the colonial period that preceded the half-century of American occupation. Filipino social scientists have entered the fray since the s, but exponentially more so following independence incontributing an important indigenous perspective that had been absent from previous erudition.
Despite this centuries-old body of literature, the era of Spanish colonialism is, relatively speaking, an understudied field of academic inquiry.
General Overviews Since the islands of the archipelago were never unified before the Spanish arrived, and even after three centuries many of them still displayed autonomous tendencies especially the Muslim islands of Mindanao and the Sulusthe geographical scope of broad surveys on this era The philippine society under the american essentially limited to the island of Luzon and the Visayas.
Centered on Manila, Castilian power in the Philippines can be explained as a series of concentric circles of weakening influence. A common thread running through the books in this section are gratuitous examinations of the initial conquest, various civil and religious administrative practices, the process of Hispanization, indigenous reactions against exploitative policies, the co-optation of local elites into the power structure, financial and economic matters, security concerns both foreign and domesticand Chinese immigration and trade.
The second phase of general histories is more analytical benefiting from ethnographic and anthropological approachesand the overviews are penned by American-educated Filipino intelligentsia.
Benitez and Zaide exemplify the attempt to add pre-Hispanic indigenous and Asian influences to the discussion, coinciding with a more objectively critical evaluation of Castilian colonialism. The third and present phase builds upon this foundation and re-centers the focus on Filipino experiences and cultural practices that either resisted or blended with Hispanic, Chinese, and American cultural assimilation strategies.
Cushnerwith its synoptic style, reveals an empathetic understanding of Philippine culture and its history. The multivolume works in Roces and Punongboyan, et al.
State and Society in the Philippines. Written for both students and scholars, the book blends textbook facts with sophisticated analysis.
Although most of the book is dedicated to examining the legacy of US colonial and post-colonial relations on Philippine politics, economics, and society, it provides adequate coverage on a wide range of topics. History of the Philippines: The book contains an enormous amount of information from prehistory, through the Spanish colonial era the bulk of its contents to the early period of US occupation.
Spain in the Philippines: From Conquest to Revolution. Ateneo de Manila University, Especially enlightening are the chapters that discuss the exploitative practices of forced tributes and labor, and colonial trade and finance.
Punongboyan, Raymundo, and Prescillano Zamora, et al. The Story of the Philippine People. The Making of a Nation. The strengths of this encyclopedic approach are the numerous articles written by renowned scholars and an amazing variety of illustrations that include rare documents, paintings, drawings, and maps.
The Philippines since Pre-Spanish Times.
The remainder of the book evaluates a panorama of Spanish colonial policies, international and regional conflicts, the Galleon trade, and wars with Muslim sultanates in Mindanao and the Sulu Islands.
An Historical Overview of the Philippine Islands. Filipiniana Book Guild, The first few chapters 1—6 describe the conquest of the islands, while the next thirty evaluate in chronological order the major achievements and noteworthy events during the administrations of each governor-general.
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. Please subscribe or login. How to Subscribe Oxford Bibliographies Online is available by subscription and perpetual access to institutions.SYNOPSIS OF PHILIPPINE HISTORY.
Pre-Spanish Times. There are two theories on the origins of the first Filipinos, the inhabitants of what will later be called the Philippine Islands and eventually the Republic of the Philippines. The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. The reason given is: This lead section reads like a long timeline, and thus needs an introductory overview paragraph, and individual assertions seem to be based on year-old paradigms which may need to be reassessed in light of present-day scholarship..
Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. Introduction. Miguel López de Legazpi’s (b. –d. ) conquest of Manila in ushered in a year epoch of Castilian rule in the Philippine Islands, but his actions also created unintended historical by-products that made the undertaking dissimilar to any other colony in the Spanish empire.
On behalf of President Trump and the American people, I want to extend my best wishes and sincerest congratulations to the people of the Republic of the Philippines, as you commemorate your th independence day this June the philippine society under the american rule Having proclaimed that the Philippines will be kept by the United States, President McKinley started the task of governing the colony.
In his address before the 4th session of the 76th U.S. Congress, McKinley stated America’s aims concerning the Philippines. Advisory on the alleged employment opportunities with Pan Pacific Vancouver Hotel Canada.