He was depicted as either an older, bearded god or an effeminate, long-haired youth. His attributes included the thyrsos a pine-cone tipped staffa drinking cup and a crown of ivy. He was usually accompanied by a troop of Satyrs and Mainades wild female devotees.
At its height, the sacred island was covered in a variety of temples and sanctuaries dedicated to a variety of gods. Today, it is a fascinating archaeological site located just two miles from Mykonos. Kinthos show that Delos was inhabited since the 3rd millenium BC.
Originally known as Ortygia Quail Islandit was a religious center and busy port from ancient times. Although a barren island with virtually no natural resources, its harbors are protected by the three islands that circle around it the Cyclades and it is conveniently located between the Greek mainland and the Asian coast.
When Leto was discovered to be pregnant, Zeus' jealous wife Hera banished her from the earth, but Poseidon took pity on her and provided Delos as a place for her to give birth in peace.
The Ionians colonized Delos around BC and made it their religious capital. The island was so sacred that, at one point, no one was allowed to be born or to die there - those about to do either were rushed off to the nearby islet of Rinia. By the 7th century, Delos was also the political capital of the Amphictionic League.
The Athenians soon joined the league and assumed control, giving the Delians trouble on a regular basis until around BC, when the Egyptians became the rulers of the Aegean Sea.
Delos was most prosperous in Late Hellenistic and Roman times, when it was declared a free port and became the financial and trading center of the Mediterranean. By BC the island had a population of 30, which included foreigners from as far away as Rome, Syria, and Egypt. Each group built its own shrines and lived in relative harmony despite their differences.
By Roman times, the island's commercial role exceeded its previous religious importance.
Ancient Greek Theater. The theater of Dionysus, Athens (Saskia, Ltd.) This page is designed to provide a brief introduction to Ancient Greek Theater, and to provide tools for further research. Greek tragedy, created in the city-state of Athens in the last thirty years of the sixth century B.C.E., is the earliest kind of European drama. The theatre is a great semi-circle on the slope of the Acropolis, with rows of stone seats on which about eighteen thousand spectators can sit.
But in 88 BC Mithridates, the king of Pontus, attack on the unfortified island as part of a revolt against Roman rule. The entire population of 20, was killed or sold into slavery, the sanctuary treasures were looted, and the city was razed to the ground.
The Romans partially rebuilt the city, but revival was prevented by continous pirate raids. A Roman legate built defensive walls around the city in 66 BC, but by then Delos was on its way out.
It was gradually abandoned in the centuries that followed. In the 2nd century AD, Pausanius recorded that it was inhabited only by the temple guards.
Delos was never forgotten, however, which meant further destruction and looting by the successive rulers of the area - pirates, Knights of St. John, Venetians, Turks - as well as its neighbors Mykonos and Tinos. Formal excavation work began in by the French School of Archaeology, which still continues today.Periods Historians often divide up the history of Ancient Greece into three periods: Archaic Period - This period ran from the start of Greek civilization in BC to the introduction of Democracy in BC.
This period included the start of the Olympic Games and Homer's writing of the Odyssey and the Illiad. Dionysus riding panther, Greek mosaic from Pella C4th B.C., Pella Archaeological Museum.
DIONYSOS (Dionysus) was the Olympian god of wine, vegetation, pleasure, festivity, madness and wild frenzy.
Encyclopedia of Jewish and Israeli history, politics and culture, with biographies, statistics, articles and documents on topics from anti-Semitism to Zionism. Dionysus (/ d aɪ. ə ˈ n aɪ s ə s /; Greek: Διόνυσος Dionysos) is the god of the grape-harvest, winemaking and wine, of fertility, ritual madness, religious ecstasy, and theatre in ancient Greek religion and myth.
Wine played an important role in Greek culture, and the cult of Dionysus was the main religious focus for its unrestrained consumption. His worship became firmly. The Secret History has , ratings and 15, reviews.
Rebecca said: This novel, like so many other first novels, is full of everything that the auth. Ancient Greece: The Theater of Dionysus The ancient Greeks created drama, and the Theatre of Dionysius was their vessel.
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